The County Health Rankings & Roadmaps (CHR&R) program is a collaboration between the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. The program provides data, evidence, guidance, and examples to help identify factors that impact health, and supports community leaders working to increase health equity. Ranking the health of nearly every county in the nation, CHR&R illustrates what is currently known when it comes to what is keeping people healthy or making them sick and shows what can be done to create a healthier community. This report highlights how health outcomes and health factors differ by place within the state of Hawaii and illustrates how health differs among racial/ethnic groups in the state.
- 12% of Hawaii children are living in poverty, which is lower than the national average of 18%.
- Maui County ranks the highest in health outcomes (length and quality of life), followed by Honolulu County, Kauai County, and Hawaii County.
- Honolulu County ranks the highest in health factors, followed by Kauai County, Maui County and Hawaii County coming in last. Health factors represent what can be changed to improve health for all, and are divided into Health Behaviors, Clinical Care, Social and Economic Factors, and Physical Environment (see image).
- Hawaii County had the highest percentage of adults who stated that their physical health, which includes physical illness and injury and that their mental health (including stress, depression, and emotional problems) was not good for 14 or more of the past 30 days.
- Kauai County has the lowest primary care provider (including physicians in general practice medicine, family medicine, internal medicine and pediatrics) rate per 100,000 population.
- Life expectancy is highest in Maui County (83 years) and lowest in Hawaii County (80.5 years).
- Honolulu County has the highest percentage of households with at least one of the following housing problems: overcrowding, high housing costs, lack of kitchen, or lack of plumbing facilities.
- Alcohol-Impaired Driving Deaths are lowest in Honolulu County (25.5%) and highest in Maui County (48.5%).