Injury & Violence Prevention
Each year in the United States, more than 29 million people are treated in emergency departments for injuries. Considering both medical costs and lost productivity, injuries cost the United States approximately $409 billion annually. Beyond immediate health consequences, injuries affect the health of the nation through premature death, poor mental health, lost productivity, and disability. Injuries are the leading cause of disability regardless of age, gender, race/ethnicity, or socioeconomic status. When someone is injured, it affects more than just that individual. With nonfatal injuries, family or friends are often called upon to care for the injured person, and employers may struggle in the absence of the employee. While some injuries are unavoidable, many are predictable and preventable.
Violence is a serious public health problem in the United States. From infants to the elderly, it affects people in all stages of life and can drastically change quality of life. The number of violent deaths tells only part of the story. Many more survive violence and are left with permanent physical and emotional scars. Violence also erodes communities by reducing productivity, decreasing property values, and disrupting social services.
Physical violence in pregnancy is associated with short term and long term negative health outcomes for both mother and infant. Approximately, 4%-8% of American women experiences violence during their pregnancy, and homicide is one of the leading causes of injury-related death in pregnancy.