People who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or questioning (LGBQ) are members of every community. They include people of all races and ethnicities, all ages, all socioeconomic statuses, and from all parts of the United States. However, LGBQ people may experience health disparities due to social inequality within the community. Social inequality is often associated with poorer health status, and sexual orientation has been associated with multiple health threats. Differences in sexual behavior account for some of these disparities, but others are associated with social and structural inequities, such as the stigma and discrimination that LGBQ populations experience. The perspectives and needs of LGBQ people should be routinely considered in public health efforts to improve the overall health of every person and eliminate health disparities.