Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The vast majority of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cases are the result of mother-to-child transmission and, in many of these cases, the mother did not know she was HIV-positive. When the infection is detected early enough, doctors can greatly reduce the risk of transmission of the virus to the infant. Additionally, the mother can make plans for her own health management. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends all women receive an HIV test at their first prenatal care visit.