How to use these reports
Reports on this site highlight key health indicators for the state of Hawaii. Individual health indicators may help public and private sectors to target their priority health needs, prevention, and intervention strategies.
For example, a program trying to implement a tobacco cessation effort can look at various reports on tobacco cessation or usage from several data sources:
- From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the report titled ‘Smoke – Stopped for a Day or More’ presents relevant statistics for adults by year, geographic location, age, race-ethnicity, gender, education, employment, income, poverty, marital status, and health care coverage. This report is available for individual year, 3-, and 5-year time periods.
- From the Youth Tobacco Survey (YTS), the report titled ‘Used a Cessation Program’ presents relevant statistics for youth by year, school type, gender, grade, and race-ethnicity.
- From the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), the report titled ‘Smoking During
Last 3 Months of Pregnancy’ presents relevant statistics for new mothers by year, geographic location, race-ethnicity, age, infant’s gender, marital status, poverty level, income, birth weight, smoking before pregnancy, and participation in Woman, Infants, & Children (WIC).
- From the Vital Statistics, the report for ‘Lung Cancer Mortality’ presents relevant statistics by year, geographic location, gender, and race-ethnicity.
There are many ways HHDW reports can be of use to advocacy groups, community health organizations, policy makers, and individuals concerned with their community’s health
These statistics can be used for the following:
- Program planning—addressing populations and areas in need
- Creating health policies
- Writing grant applications
- Community mobilization and action – Assessing the health status of your community
- Setting benchmarks to measure the progress of our health
As is the case with all statistics, these must be used with care. The following limitations apply to the data contained in this site:
- A rate or percentage is only reported when the unweighted counts exceed certain limits. For example, data from the BRFSS survey is only reported when the number of respondents to a question is greater than 50.
- Often, at the community level, rates and percentages represent very small numbers.
- Use caution when making comparisons—health data changes slowly over time. Large differences between years may not be statistically meaningful.
The following are resources to aid in understanding the health data reports found in the HHDW website:
Data Source Overview
Background information, from contact information to data notes, of data source providers whose reports are referenced in this website.
Hawaii Data Guide
A basic introduction to the calculation and interpretation of common statistics.
Glossary & Index
Definitions for common public health assessment and epidemiology concepts.
HHDW DOH Race-Ethnicity Documentation
Shows the definition and mapping used to define race-ethnicity by different data source providers and programs.
HHDW Poverty Level Documentation
Explains how the poverty level is calculated for each relevant data source.
Health Indicator Documentation Reports
Shows which health indicators are included for which years for each data source. The questionnaires are available on the landing pages of each data source