Health Reports & Data

Educational and Community-Based Programs

Goal

Increase the quality, availability, and effectiveness of educational and community-based programs designed to prevent disease and injury, improve health, and enhance quality of life.

Overview

Educational and community-based programs play a key role in:

  • Preventing disease and injury.
  • Improving health.
  • Enhancing quality of life.

Health status and related health behaviors are determined by influences at multiple levels: personal, organizational/institutional, environmental, and policy. Because significant and dynamic interrelationships exist among these different levels of health determinants, educational and community-based programs are most likely to succeed in improving health and wellness when they address influences at all levels and in a variety of environments/settings.

Why is Education and Community-based Programs Important?

Educational and community-based programs and strategies played an important role in reaching Healthy People 2010 objectives. Over the next decade, they will continue to contribute to the improvement of health outcomes in the United States.

Education and community-based programs and strategies are designed to reach people outside of traditional health care settings. These settings may include:

  • Schools
  • Worksites
  • Health care facilities
  • Communities

Each setting provides opportunities to reach people using existing social structures. This maximizes impact and reduces the time and resources necessary for program development. People often have high levels of contact with these settings, both directly and indirectly. Programs that combine multiple—if not all 4—settings can have a greater impact than programs using only 1 setting. While populations reached will sometimes overlap, people who are not accessible in 1 setting may be in another.1

Using nontraditional settings can help encourage informal information sharing within communities through peer social interaction. Reaching out to people in different settings also allows for greater tailoring of health information and education.

Educational and community-based programs encourage and enhance health and wellness by educating communities on topics such as:

  • Chronic diseases
  • Injury and violence prevention
  • Mental illness/behavioral health
  • Unintended pregnancy
  • Oral health
  • Tobacco use
  • Substance abuse
  • Nutrition and obesity prevention
  • Physical activity

Additional Resources

HP2020’s National Objectives for Educational and Community-Based Programs

References

  1. Gamm L, Castillo G, Williams L. Education and community-based programs in rural areas: A literature review. In: Rural Healthy People 2010: A companion document to Healthy People 2010, Volume 3. Gamm L, Hutchison L, editors. College Station, TX: The Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, School of Rural Public Health, Southwest Rural Health Research Center; 2004. p.167-86. Available from: http://www.srph.tamhsc.edu/centers/rhp2010/Volume_3/Vol3Ch4LR.pd
ID
OBJECTIVES AND SUB-OBJECTIVES

ECBP-2
Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that provide comprehensive school health education to prevent health problems in the following areas: unintentional injury; violence; suicide; tobacco use and addiction; alcohol or other drug use; unintended pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and STD infection; unhealthy dietary patterns; and inadequate physical activity
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on injury prevention and safety. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
92.7% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
79.6% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 89.9%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on violence prevention. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
95.4% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
92.7% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 90.1%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on suicide prevention. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
80.0% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
60.1% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 48.3%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on tobacco use prevention and addiction. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
96.5% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
83.6% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 89.1%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on alcohol and other drug use prevention. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
97.7% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
90.8% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 89.9%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on unintended pregnancies, HIV/AIDS, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) infection. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
92.7% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
86.8% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 43.2%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on dietary behaviors and nutrition. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
98.8% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
95.4% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 92.7%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 that require students to take at least one health education course to increase student knowledge on physical activity and fitness. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
97.4% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
95.6% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 87.1%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

ECBP-3
Increase the proportion of elementary, middle, and senior high schools that have health education goals or objectives which address the knowledge and skills articulated in the National Health Education Standards (high school, middle, and elementary)
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
96.6% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
92.2% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students how to access valid health information and health-promoting products and services. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
97.7% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
88.3% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students how to advocate for personal, family, and community health. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
94.1% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
87.8% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students how to analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
95.4% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
91.7% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students to practice health-enhancing behaviors to avoid or reduce risks. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
97.7% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
93.6% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students to use decision-making skills to enhance health. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12 and examines goal-setting in addition to decision-making.

State Baseline:
96.6% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
93.6% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public schools grades 6 to 12 with a health education curriculum that includes teaching students to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes public and private schools grades 1 to 12.

State Baseline:
96.6% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
92.1% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Profiles

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who have completed high school or received a GED. The national indicator is defined differently as the percentage of adults aged 18-24 years who are not currently enrolled in high school who report they have received a high school diploma or its equivalent.

State Baseline:
89.9% (2011)

State Baseline:
90.7% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 97.9%

National Data Source:
Current Population Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse