Health Reports & Data

HIV

Goal

Prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and its related illness and death.

Overview

The HIV epidemic in the United States continues to be a major public health crisis. An estimated 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV, and 1 out of 5 people with HIV do not know they have it.1 HIV continues to spread, leading to about 56,000 new HIV infections each year.2

In 2010, the White House released a National HIV/AIDS Strategy. The strategy includes 3 primary goals:

Reducing the number of people who become infected with HIV.
Increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV.
Reducing HIV-related health disparities.

Why is HIV Important?

HIV is a preventable disease. Effective HIV prevention interventions have been proven to reduce HIV transmission. People who get tested for HIV and learn that they are infected can make significant behavior changes to improve their health and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their sex or drug-using partners. More than 50 percent of new HIV infections3 occur as a result of the 21 percent of people who have HIV but do not know it.

Additional Resources

HP2020’s National Objectives for HIV
HHDW Reports on HIV

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR. 2008;57(39):1073-76.
  2. Hall HI, Song R, Rhodes P, et al. Estimation of HIV incidence in the United States. JAMA. 2008;300(5):520-9.
  3. Marks G, Crepaz N, Janssen RS, et al. Estimating sexual transmission of HIV from persons aware and unaware that they are infected with the virus in the USA. AIDS. 2006;20(10):1447-50.
ID
OBJECTIVES AND SUB-OBJECTIVES

State Indicator Definition:
Number of newly reported cases of HIV among persons aged 13 years and older per 100,000 population of the same age. The national indicator is developmental; the definition and target have yet to be established.

State Baseline:
8.1 new cases per 100,000 population aged 13 years and older (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
6.8 new cases per 100,000 population aged 13 years and older (2011)

HP2020 Target:
National: TBD

National Data Source:
National HIV Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Department of Health, Harm Reduction Services Branch

Data Reports:
Coming soon

State Indicator Definition:
Number of newly reported cases of AIDS among persons aged 13 years and older per 100,000 population of the same age.The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
6.3 new cases per 100,000 population aged 13 years and older (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
2.4 new cases per 100,000 population aged 13 years and older (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 12.4 new cases per 100,000 population aged 13 years and older

National Data Source:
National HIV Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Department of Health, Harm Reduction Services Branch

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

HIV-14

Increase the proportion of adolescents and adults who have been tested for HIV in the past 12 months.

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of persons aged 18 to 44 years who have ever been tested for HIV. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes persons aged 15 to 44 years.

State Baseline:
41.1% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
40.8% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 73.6%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Family Growth

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of pregnancty women who were tested for HIV at any point during their most recent pregnancy or delivery. The national indicator is defined differently as limited to women aged 15 to 44 years who completed a pregnancy in the last 12 months, and who had an HIV test as part of prenatal care.

State Baseline:
70.0% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
66.7% (2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 79.2%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Family Growth

State Data Source:
Hawaii Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of persons aged 18 to 24 years who have been tested for HIV in the two years prior to the survey. The national indicator is defined differently as it includes persons aged 15 to 44 years and looks only at the past 12 months.

State Baseline:
79.1% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
86.3% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 18.8%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Family Growth

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

HIV-17
Increase the proportion of sexually active persons who use condoms
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of female public school students in grades 9 to 12 who are sexually active and reported using a condom at last sexual intercourse. The national indicator is defined differently as unmarried females aged 15 to 44 years.

State Baseline:
38.9% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
44.8% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 38.6%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Family Growth

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of male public school students in grades 9 to 12 who are sexually active and reported using a condom at last sexual intercourse.The national indicator is defined differently as unmarried males aged 15 to 44 years.

State Baseline:
50.9% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
53.9% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 50.4%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Family Growth

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse