Health Reports & Data

Immunization and Infectious Diseases

Goal

Increase immunization rates and reduce preventable infectious diseases.

Overview

Healthy People 2020 goals for immunization and infectious diseases are rooted in evidence-based clinical and community activities and services for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. Objectives new to Healthy People 2020 focus on technological advancements and ensuring that States, local public health departments, and nongovernmental organizations are strong partners in the Nation’s attempt to control the spread of infectious diseases. Objectives for 2020 reflect a more mobile society and the fact that diseases do not stop at geopolitical borders. Awareness of disease and completing prevention and treatment courses remain essential components for reducing infectious disease transmission.

Why is Immunization and Infectious Diseases Important?

People in the United States continue to get diseases that are vaccine preventable. Viral hepatitis, influenza, and tuberculosis (TB) remain among the leading causes of illness and death in the United States and account for substantial spending on the related consequences of infection.

The infectious disease public health infrastructure, which carries out disease surveillance at the Federal, State, and local levels, is an essential tool in the fight against newly emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. Other important defenses against infectious diseases include:

  • Proper use of vaccines
  • Antibiotics
  • Screening and testing guidelines
  • improvements in the diagnosis of infectious disease-related health concerns

Additional Resources

HP2020’s National Objectives for Immunization and Infectious Diseases
HHDW Reports on Immunization

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Achievements in public health, 1900–1999: Control of infectious diseases. MMWR. 1999 Jul 30;48(29):621-9.
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OBJECTIVES AND SUB-OBJECTIVES

IID-12
Increase the percentage of children and adults who are vaccinated annually against seasonal influenza
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 18-64 years who received a vaccination for seasonal influenza in the 12 months prior to the survey. The national indicator is defined differently as adults aged 18-64 years who were vaccinated for seasonal influenza between September and February of the survey year.

State Baseline:
37.2% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
35.9% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 80%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 65 years and older who received a vaccination for seasonal influenza in the 12 months prior to the survey. The national indicator is defined differently as adults aged 65 years and older who were vaccinated for seasonal influenza between September and February of the survey year.

State Baseline:
64.7% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
65.5% (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 90%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report

IID-13
Increase the percentage of adults who are vaccinated against pneumococcal disease
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 65 years and older who report ever having received a pneumococcal vaccination.The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
67.7% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
66.7% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 90.0%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
The state of Hawaii is considered to have met this objective if its public health laboratory monitors influenza virus resistance to antiviral agents. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
Yes (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
Yes (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: Yes, 25 Public Health Laboratories

National Data Source:
National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases

State Data Source:
Hawaii State Department of Health, State Laboratories Division

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Number of new cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 population. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
8.8 new cases per 100,000 population (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
9.6 new cases per 100,000 population (2014)

HP2020 Target:
National: 1.0 new cases per 100,000 population

National Data Source:
National Tuberculosis Indicators Project

State Data Source:
Hawaii State Department of Health, Tuberculosis Control Program

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of people with confirmed tuberculosis who complete curative therapy within 12 months of diagnosis. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
95.2% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
90.0% (2011)

HP2020 Target:
National: 93%

National Data Source:
National Tuberculosis Indicators Project

State Data Source:
Hawaii State Department of Health, Tuberculosis Control Program

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of people with latent tuberculosis who complete curative therapy. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
66.2% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
76.5% (2011)

HP2020 Target:
National: 79%

National Data Source:
National Tuberculosis Indicators Project

State Data Source:
Hawaii State Department of Health, Tuberculosis Control Program

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicator Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of persons aged 25 to 44 years with tuberculosis who have a negative, positive, or indeterminate HIV test result. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
78.3% (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
87.8% (2011)

HP2020 Target:
National: 80.6%

National Data Source:
National TB Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii State Department of Health, Tuberculosis Control Program

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse