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Health Reports & Data

Mental Health and Mental Disorders

Goal

Improve mental health through prevention and by ensuring access to appropriate, quality mental health services.

Overview

Mental health is a state of successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with challenges. Mental health is essential to personal well-being, family and interpersonal relationships, and the ability to contribute to community or society.

Mental disorders are health conditions that are characterized by alterations in thinking, mood, and/or behavior that are associated with distress and/or impaired functioning. Mental disorders contribute to a host of problems that may include disability, pain, or death.

Mental illness is the term that refers collectively to all diagnosable mental disorders.

Why is Mental Health and Mental Disorders Important?

Mental disorders are among the most common causes of disability. The resulting disease burden of mental illness is among the highest of all diseases. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in any given year, an estimated 13 million American adults (approximately 1 in 17) have a seriously debilitating mental illness.1,2 Mental health disorders are the leading cause of disability in the United States and Canada, accounting for 25 percent of all years of life lost to disability and premature mortality.3 Moreover, suicide is the 11th leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for the deaths of approximately 30,000 Americans each year.4,5

Mental health and physical health are closely connected. Mental health plays a major role in people’s ability to maintain good physical health. Mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, affect people’s ability to participate in health-promoting behaviors. In turn, problems with physical health, such as chronic diseases, can have a serious impact on mental health and decrease a person’s ability to participate in treatment and recovery.6

Additional Resources

HP2020’s National Objectives for Mental Health and Mental Disorders
HHDW Reports on Mental Health and Mental Disorders

References

  1. Kessler RC, Chiu W, Demler O, et al. Prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of twelve-month DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005 Jun;62(6):617-27.
  2. US Census Bureau, Population Division. US Census Bureau population estimates by demographic characteristics: National population estimates—characteristics. Table 2 (NC-EST2004-02): Annual estimates of the population by selected age groups and sex for the United States: April 1, 2000, to July 1, 2004; A18. Washington: US Census Bureau; 2005 Jun 9.
  3. The World Health Organization (WHO). The world health report 2004: Changing history. Annex Table 3: Burden of disease in DALYs by cause, sex, and mortality stratum in WHO regions, Estimates for 2002; A126-A127. Geneva: WHO; 2004.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIP). Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS) [Internet]. Atlanta: CDC; 2010. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars.
  5. National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). NIMH strategic plan (revised 2008) [Internet]. Bethesda, MD: NIMH; 2008 [cited 2010 May 6]. Available from: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/about/strategic-planning-reports/index.html
  6. Lando J, Marshall Williams S, Sturgis S, et al. A logic model for the integration of mental health into chronic disease prevention and health promotion. Prev Chronic Dis. 2006 April;3(2):A61.
ID
OBJECTIVES AND SUB-OBJECTIVES

State Indicator Definition:
Number of deaths due to suicide (ICD-10 codes *U03, X60-X84, Y87.0) per 100,000 population (age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. Standard Population). The national indicator is defined in the same way.

State Baseline:
14.5 deaths per 100,000 population (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
12.9 deaths per 100,000 population (2015)

HP2020 Target
National: 10.2 deaths per 100,000 population

National Data Source:
National Vital Statistics System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Vital Statistics System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who report suicide attempts that required medical attention in the 12 months preceding the survey. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
3.4 attempts per 100 students (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
3.4 attempts per 100 students (2015)

HP2020 Target
National: 1.7 attempts per 100 students

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

Data Reports:
Hawaii-IBIS
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who report going without eating for 24 hours or more, taking diet pills, powders, or liquids without a doctor’s advice, or vomiting or taking laxatives to lose weight. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
19.2% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
20.8% (2013)

HP2020 Target
National: 12.9%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
Hawaii-IBIS
HHM Report

MHMD-4
Reduce the proportion of persons who experience major depressive episodes (MDEs)
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adolescents aged 12 to 17 years who had at least one major depressive episode in the previous year. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
8.8% (2010-2011)

Most Recent State Value:
10.6% (2012-2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 7.5%

National Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

State Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who had at least mone major depressive episode in the past 12 months.

State Baseline:
5.7% (2010-2011)

Most Recent State Value:
7.9% (2012-2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 5.8%

National Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

State Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of persons aged 2 to 17 years with emotional, developmental, or behavioral problems for which they received treatment or counseling from a mental health professional during the past 12 months. The national indicator is defined differently as the percentage of persons aged 4 to 17 years with difficulties in emotions, concentration, behavior, or being able to get along with people, who have seen or talked to a general doctor about these problems in the past 12 months, or have received Special Educational or Early Intervention Services for emotional or behavioral problems.

State Baseline:
83.7% (2009-2010)

HP2020 Target
National: 75.8%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
National Survey of Children’s Health, via Data Resource Center for Child & Adolescent Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of people aged 12 years and older with a serious mental illness who worked at a job or business any time in the past 12 months. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
45.6% (2010-2011)

HP2020 Target:
National: 61.6%

National Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

State Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report

MHMD-9
Increase the proportion of adults with mental health disorders who receive treatment
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older with serious mental illness (SMI) who received treatment in the past 12 months. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
60.5% (2010-2011)

Most Recent State Value:
54.6% (2012-2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 72.3%

National Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

State Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older with a major depressive episode in the past 12 months who received treatment in the past 12 months. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
38.0% (2010-2011)

Most Recent State Value:
38.2% (2012-2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 75.9%

National Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

State Data Source:
National Survey on Drug Use and Health

Data Reports:
HHM Report