Health Reports & Data

Physical Activity

Goal

Improve health, fitness, and quality of life through daily physical activity.

Overview

Released in 2008, the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (PAG) is the first-ever publication of national guidelines for physical activity. The Physical Activity objectives for Healthy People 2020 reflect the strong state of the science supporting the health benefits of regular physical activity among youth and adults, as identified in the PAG. Regular physical activity includes participation in moderate and vigorous physical activities and muscle-strengthening activities.

More than 80 percent of adults do not meet the guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. Similarly, more than 80 percent of adolescents do not do enough aerobic physical activity to meet the guidelines for youth. Working together to meet Healthy People 2020 targets via a multidisciplinary approach is critical to increasing the levels of physical activity and improving health in the United States.

The Physical Activity objectives for 2020 highlight how physical activity levels are positively affected by:

  • Structural environments, such as the availability of sidewalks, bike lanes, trails, and parks
  • Legislative policies that improve access to facilities that support physical activity

New to Healthy People 2020 are objectives related to policies targeting younger children through:

  • Physical activity in childcare settings Television viewing and computer usage
  • Recess and physical education in the Nation’s public and private elementary schools

Why is Physical Activity Important?

Regular physical activity can improve the health and quality of life of Americans of all ages, regardless of the presence of a chronic disease or disability. Among adults and older adults, physical activity can lower the risk of:

  • Early death
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Breast and colon cancer
  • Falls
  • Depression

Among children and adolescents, physical activity can:

  • Improve bone health.
  • Improve cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness.
  • Decrease levels of body fat.
  • Reduce symptoms of depression.

For people who are inactive, even small increases in physical activity are associated with health benefits.

Additional Resources

HP2020’s National Objectives for Physical Activity
HHDW Reports on Physical Activity

References

  1. US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2008 Physical activity guidelines for Americans. Washington: HHS; 2008.
  2. US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report, 2008. Washington: HHS, 2008.
ID
OBJECTIVES AND SUB-OBJECTIVES
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults who did not participate in any physical activity or exercise outside of work during the 30 days preceding the survey. The national indicator is defined differently as the percent of adults reporting they did not or could not do light, moderate, or vigorous activity for at least 10 minutes. 

State Baseline:
21.3% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
22.5% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 32.6%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

PA-2
Increase the proportion of adults who meet current Federal physical activity guidelines for aerobic physical activity and for muscle-strengthening activity
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults who engage in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes per week, or 75 minutes per week of vigorous intensity, or an equivalent combination. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same.

State Baseline:
58.5% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
56.6% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 47.9%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults who engage in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for more than 300 minutes per week, or more than 150 minutes per week of vigorous intensity, or an equivalent combination. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same.

State Baseline:
38.1% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
37.0% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 31.3%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults who engage in muscle-strengthening activities on 2 or more days of the week. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same.

State Baseline:
32.1% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
33.3% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 24.1%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of adults who engage in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes per week, or 75 minutes per week of vigorous intensity, or an equivalent combination, and perform muscle-strengthening activities on at least 2 days every week. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same.

State Baseline:
23.7% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
23.6% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 20.1%

National Data Source:
National Health Interview Survey

State Data Source:
Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

PA-3
Increase the proportion of adolescents who meet current Federal physical activity guidelines for aerobic physical activity and for muscle-strengthening activity
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who were physically active for a total of at least 60 minutes per day on seven of the past seven days. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way.

State Baseline:
21.0% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
20.3% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 31.6%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who perform muscle-strengthening physical activity at least 3 days a week. The national indicator is developmental and has yet to be defined. No national baseline data or target is available.

State Baseline:
46.3% (2013)

Most Recent State Value:
46.0% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 61.2%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who are physically active for a total of at least 60 minutes per day and perform muscle-strengthening activities on at least 3 days per week. The national indicator is developmental and has yet to be defined. No national baseline data or target is available.

State Baseline:
18.1% (2013)

Most Recent State Value:
16.4% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 24.1%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who attended physical education (PE) classes on five or more days in an average week when they were in school. The national indicator definition is exactly the same.

State Baseline:
6.9% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
6.7% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 36.6%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

PA-6
Increase regularly scheduled elementary school recess in the United States
State Indicator Definition:
The target is met if the state requires elementary schools to provide students with a regularly scheduled recess. The national indicator definition is exactly the same. NOTE: Private schools in the State of Hawaii are not mandated to provide a regularly scheduled recess.

State Baseline:
Yes (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
Yes (2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 17 states

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

Data Reports:
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
The target is met if the state requires elementary schools provide students with regularly scheduled recess for 20 minutes or more. The national indicator definition is based on the percentage of school districts; however, the state of Hawaii has only one school district. NOTE: Private schools in the state of Hawaii are not mandated to provide a regularly scheduled recess for 20 minutes.

State Baseline:
Yes (2010)

Most Recent State Value:
Yes (2013)

HP2020 Target:
National: 67.7%

National Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

State Data Source:
School Health Policies and Practices Study

Data Reports:
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

PA-8
Increase the proportion of children and adolescents who do not exceed recommended limits for screen time
State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 6 to 8 who view television for no more than 2 hours a day. The national indicator is defined differently as the percentage of children and adolescents aged 6 to 14 years who view television, videos, or play video games for no more than 2 hours a day.

State Baseline:
60.6% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
71.1% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 86.8%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Children’s Health

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9 to 12 who view television for no more than 2 hours a day. The national indicator is defined in exactly the same way, even though the objective title implies the inclusion of videos and video games.

State Baseline:
68.3% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
78.2% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 73.9%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 6-8 who played video games or used a computer for non-school purposes for less than 3 hours (no more than 2 hours) per day on an average school day. The national indicator definition is the percentage of children and adolescents aged 6 to 14 years who used a computer or played computer games outside of school (for non-school purposes) for no more than 2 hours a day on an average school day.

State Baseline:
62.5% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
58.1% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 100%

National Data Source:
National Survey of Children’s Health

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse

State Indicator Definition:
Percentage of public school students in grades 9-12 who play video games or use a computer for non-school purposes for no more than 2 hours per day on an average school day. The national indicator is defined differently as the percentage of students in grades 9-12 who use a computer or play computer games outside of school (for non-school purposes) for no more than 2 hours a day on an average school day.

State Baseline:
63.4% (2011)

Most Recent State Value:
59.4% (2015)

HP2020 Target:
National: 82.6%

National Data Source:
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System

State Data Source:
Hawaii Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Data Reports:
HHDW Report
HHM Report
DHHS Health Indicators Warehouse