The 2014 data for the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) are now available. Use the Hawaii-IBIS data tool to explore the attitudes and experiences of women in Hawaii who have recently given birth.
Here are some highlights from the 2014 PRAMS data for Hawaii:
Almost half of pregnant women in Hawaii who received prenatal care used private insurance to cover the cost. Affordable health care that provides maternity coverage is important to the health of both mother and child.
The rate of pregnant women in Hawaii who consumed alcohol during the third trimester of pregnancy continues to rise, from less than 5% in 2000 to almost 9% in 2014. Alcohol exposure during pregnancy is a leading cause for developmental disabilities and birth defects in infants.
Although 69% of women that smoked before pregnancy quit by the last trimester in 2014, nearly 2 in 5 reported smoking postpartum. Smoking during pregnancy is a strong risk for preterm delivery and exposure to smoking in the early months of life raises the risks of infant death and other illness.
The burden of diabetes continues to grow with 1 in 7 women reporting gestational diabetes during their pregnancy, which puts them at increased risk of developing chronic diabetes later in life. It is further estimated that 3.6% of mothers with a recent live birth have chronic diabetes before pregnancy in 2014, which is up from 2.6% in 2012. Diabetes is a growing epidemic in the state and its prevention across the life course, including during pregnancy, can result in reduction of its associated morbidity, mortality, and health care costs.
Enrollment in WIC during pregnancy has recently declined with only 38.9% of women in 2014 compared to 45.8% in 2012. WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) provides nutritional assistance to low-income pregnant and postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five.
To learn more about the health of Hawaii’s mothers and infants, check out our sister site, Hawaii Health Matters. There you will also find a series of maternal and child health Quick Fact Reports for the state of Hawaii.