NCHS 39 Leading Causes of Death

In order to provide a consistent ranking standard the NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics) prepared a list of 113 selected causes of death. The NCHS 39 causes of death are taken from the list of 113. For more information about the NCHS rankings see ICD-10 Cause-of-Death Lists for Tabulating Mortality Statistics, October 2002, on the NCHS website.

Updated ICD-10 codes:, page 3.

Code List

(last updated October 2021)

The IBIS system uses these selected causes of death in the Mortality Query Module. The new ICD codes for terrorism are bolded and the ICD-10 codes are preceded with '*'.

  Cause of Death ICD-10 Codes
3Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diseaseB20-B24
Malignant neoplasmsC00-C97
4Malignant neoplasm of stomachC16
5Malignant neoplasms of colon, rectum and anusC18-C21
6Malignant neoplasm of pancreasC25
7Malignant neoplasms of trachea, bronchus and lungC33-C34
8Malignant neoplasm of breastC50
9Malignant neoplasms of cervix uteri, corpus uteri and ovaryC53-C56
10Malignant neoplasm of prostateC61
11Malignant neoplasms of urinary tractC64-C68
12Non-Hodgkin's lymphomaC82-C85
14Other malignant neoplasmsC00-C15,C17,C22-C24,C26-C32,C37-C49,C51-C52,C57-C60,C62-C63,C69-C81,C88,C90,C96-C97
15Diabetes mellitusE10-E14
16Alzheimer's diseaseG30
Major cardiovascular diseasesI00-I78
Diseases of heartI00-I09,I11,I13,I20-I51
17Hypertensive heart disease with or without renal diseaseI11,I13
18Ischemic heart diseasesI20-I25
19Other diseases of heartI00-I09,I26-I51
20Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal diseaseI10,I12
21Cerebrovascular diseasesI60-I69
23Other diseases of circulatory systemI71-I78
24Influenza and pneumoniaJ09-J18
25Chronic lower respiratory diseasesJ40-J47
26Peptic ulcerK25-K28
27Chronic liver disease and cirrhosisK70,K73-K74
28Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosisN00-N07,N17-N19,N25-N27
29Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperiumO00-O99
30Certain conditions originating in the perinatal periodP00-P96
31Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalitiesQ00-Q99
32Sudden infant death syndromeR95
33Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classifiedR00-R94,R96-R99
(excluding Sudden infant death syndrome)R00-R94,R96-R99
34All other diseases (residual, non-injury)A00-A09,A20-A49,A54-B19,B25-B99,D00-E07,E15-G25,G31-H93,I80-J06,J20-J39,J60-K22,K29-K66,K71-K72,K75-M99,N10-N15,N20-N23,N28-N98,U04
#Accidents (unintentional injuries)V01-X59, Y85-Y86
35Motor vehicle accidentsV02-V04,V09.0,V09.2,V12-V14,V19.0-V19.2,V19.4-V19.6,V20-V79,V80.3-V80.5,V81.0-V81.1,V82.0-V82.1,V83-V86,V87.0-V87.8,V88.0-V88.8,V89.0,V89.2
36All other and unspecified accidents and adverse effectsV01,V05-V06,V09.1,V09.3-V09.9,V10-V11,V15-V18,V19.3,V19.8-V19.9,V80.0-V80.2,V80.6-V80.9,V81.2-V81.9,V82.2-V82.9,V87.9,V88.9,V89.1,V89.3,V89.9,V90-X59,Y40-Y86,Y88
37Intentional self-harm (suicide)*U03,X60-X84,Y87.0
38Assault (homicide)*U01-*U02,X85-Y09,Y87.1
39All other external causesY10-Y36,Y87.2,Y89