General Release Notes
The number of completed interviews for the 2019 survey is smaller than normal. The first 6 months of PRAMS 2019 data collection did not meet CDC's data quality standards due to issues with the data collection contractor. These issues were resolved, and the last 6 months met the CDC quality standards and the response rate requirement for weighted data. CDC recommended only releasing the 6-month dataset containing July - December births.
Because the sample size for 2019 is considerably smaller, many indicators may not be reportable for 2019. In these cases, users should consider aggregating years or reducing the number of filters selected to improve reliability and availability of the data.
Due to extenuating circumstances, PRAMS data collection operations were interrupted during the 2017 and 2018 calendar years. There is no survey data from this time period.
New Demographics categoryWe introduced a new demographics category in this release. This section allows users to view detailed information about the PRAMS population. Please note that some of the demographic information is self-reported by the mother, and some comes directly from the birth certificate. The source of the data can be found by hovering over the question mark by the indicator selection title and under the Question Wording sub-heading in the Data Notes section of the indicator report.
Two new dimensions are now available
- Gestational age, which comes from the birth certificate and is categorized as early preterm (<32 weeks), preterm (32-36 weeks), normal term (37-41 weeks) and post term (42+ weeks).
- Birthweight, which comes from the birth certificate and is categorized as low (<2,500 grams), normal (2,500-3,999 grams), or high (4,000+ grams).
New PRAMS indicators in 2016There are several new indicators available:
- Chronic disease - asthma before pregnancy
- Chronic disease - depression before pregnancy
- Chronic disease - thyroid problems before pregnancy
- Contraception after pregnancy - tubal ligation or vasectomy
- Contraception after pregnancy - used IUDs or implants
- Contraception after pregnancy - used pills, shots, rings or patches
- Contraception after pregnancy - used condoms
- Contraception after pregnancy - natural planning or withdrawal
- Contraception after pregnancy - abstinence
- Intention - intended pregnancy (2012+)
- Intention - pregnancy intention (2012+)
- Flu shot - offered by HCW in the 12 months b/f delivery
- Flu shot - received in the 12 months b/f delivery
- Oral health - dental visit for problem during pregnancy
- Oral health - dental insurance during pregnancy
- Infant - delivery type
- Infant's sex
- Mother's county of residence
- Mother's Census race
- Mother's DOH race-ethnicity
- Mother's program race
- Mother's education level
- Mother's ethnicity - Hispanic or Latina
- Mother's marital status
- Mother's poverty level (2 level): 0-185%, 186+%
- Mother's poverty level (3 level): 0-130%, 131-185%, 186+%
- Mother's poverty level (4 level): 0-100%, 101-185%, 186-300%, 301+%
- Mother's PRAMS age group: <20, 20-24, 25-34, 35+
- Mother's reproductive age group: 18-19, 20-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45+
The primiparous dimension is not available in 2015 due to irregularities with the underlying data.
Mother's education level - this dimension comes from the birth certificate form. In 2014, the State of Hawai'i transitioned to a new birth certificate form and this transition resulted in irregularities in this data field. Accordingly, mother's education will be suppressed from 2014 forward pending consultation with the Office of Health Status Monitoring at the Hawai'i Department of Health.
Race/Ethnicity DataThe birth certificate allows for up to 4 race/ethnicities to be captured for both the mother and the father. The DOH Office of Health Status Monitoring (OHSM) uses the following algorithm to code a single race/ethnicity for each individual. Ethnicity of the child is based on the ethnicity of the father. It is based on the ethnicity of the mother when the ethnicity of the father is unknown.
Only one ethnicity is coded from the actual certificates. If more than one ethnicity is listed on the certificate, the following rules apply:
1. If Hawaiian is one of the multiple ethnicities listed, Part-Hawaiian is coded.
2. If a non-Caucasian ethnicity is listed with a Caucasian ethnicity, the non-Caucasian ethnicity is coded.
3. If there is more than one non-Caucasian ethnicity listed, the first one is coded.
4. If there is more than one Caucasian ethnicity listed, the first one is coded.
In HHDW, the most granular level is the program race/ethnicity (PRG) which rolls up into the DOH standard race/ethnicity (DOH), which rolls up into Census race reporting categories (Census). The table below illustrates how the data is aggregated.
|Source Race/Ethnicity||Program Race/Ethnicity (PRG)||DOH Race/Ethnicity (DOH)||Census Race (Census)|
|Asian Indian||Asian Indian||Other Asian||Asian|
|Black||Black||Black||Black or African American|
|Guamanian||Guamanian||Other Pacific Islander||Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander|
|Hawaiian||Hawaiian||Native Hawaiian||Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander|
|Part Hawaiian||Part Hawaiian||Native Hawaiian||Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander|
|Indian||Indian||Native Alaskan/American Indian||Native Alaskan/American Indian|
|Puerto Rican||Puerto Rican||Other||Other|
|Samoan||Samoan||Other Pacific Islander||Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander|