The HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program administered by the Hawai‘i State Department of Health collects, analyzes, interprets, and shares information about new and existing cases of HIV and AIDS infection in Hawai‘i. It serves as the primary source for monitoring trends in HIV infection in Hawai‘i, and maintains a network with medical facilities and HIV/AIDS surveillance programs nationwide to promote accurate and timely reporting of diagnosed HIV and AIDS cases. The program releases an annual report with non-identifiable data which includes the population rates of HIV diagnoses, the number of people living with HIV, and the number of people who are receiving HIV medical care. Here are some highlights from the 2019 report:
- A total 4,831 Hawai‘i residents have been diagnosed with HIV from 1983-2019, including 3,546 with stage 3 (AIDS).
- There have been 2,281 known deaths from HIV/AIDS.
- The 5-year HIV infection average diagnosed rate was 5.8/ 100,000 population for the State of Hawaii (2015-2019), and ranged from 3.6 in Maui County to 6.5 in Honolulu County.
- 91% of residents diagnosed with AIDS (stage 3) in 2019 were male, and male-to-male sex was the highest risk factor (65%).
- Of the 2,347 persons diagnosed with HIV by 2017 and living in Hawaii during 2018, 83.2% received HIV medical care, 58.0% were still receiving HIV medical care and 76.4% achieved viral suppression.
- 76.8% of the newly diagnosed cases in 2018 (69 persons) were linked with HIV medical care within one month of diagnosis.