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BRFSS Health Indicator Selection

The Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) collects uniform, state-specific data on preventive health practices and risk behaviors that are linked to chronic diseases, injuries, and preventable infectious diseases in the adult population. The BRFSS is an annual telephone survey of Hawaii residents conducted throughout the year using scientific telephone survey methods. Both cell phones and land line telephone numbers are included. Adults living in group quarters with a central phone system, such as college dormitories, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons are not included. Participant responses are weighted to represent the adult population by age, gender, race, education, marital status, home ownership, telephone source (landline versus cell phone), and county of residence. All fifty states, Washington D.C., Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam participate in the survey. State and national estimates for BRFSS core questions and modules can be found [https://www.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence/index.html here.] The Hawai'i BRFSS survey is conducted by the Hawai'i State Department of Health, Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Division, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. '''DATA RELEASE NOTES''':[[a href=/report/resource/BRFSSDataReleases.html Click here for BRFSS Data Release notes.]] '''RELATED VIDEOS''':[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0Y8AWY2pSE Click here for the most recent BRFSS Coffee Break webinar.]

  • County

    In what county do you currently live?

  • Island

    What island do you live on?

  • Community

    Based on zip code of respondent, from sampling framework. Community is mapped up from a group of school complexes.

  • Primary care service area

    Based on zip code of respondent, from sampling framework. Primary care service area is mapped up from zip codes.

  • School complex

    Based on zip code of respondent, from sampling framework. School complex is mapped up from zip codes.

  • BRFSS age group

    What is your age?

  • Sex

    Are you . . . ? Male, Female, Refused

  • Census race

    Which one or more of the following would you say is your race? Note: Due to changes in the survey instrument, this new indicator was created in 2018 to standardize BRFSS race ethnicity reporting across the years, from 2011 forward.

  • DOH race ethnicity (2011+, new)

    Which one or more of the following would you say is your race? Note: Due to changes in the survey instrument, this new indicator was created in 2018 to standardize BRFSS race ethnicity reporting across the years, from 2011 forward.

  • DOH race ethnicity (2011-2017)

    Which one or more of the following would you say is your race? Note: Due to changes in the survey instrument and race ethnicity calculations this indicator will no longer be supported from 2018 forward.

  • Program race ethnicity

    Which one or more of the following would you say is your race? Note: Due to changes in the survey instrument, this new indicator was created in 2018 to standardize BRFSS race ethnicity reporting across the years, from 2011 forward.

  • Hispanic or Latino

    Are you Hispanic or Latino?

  • Education level

    What is the highest grade or year of school you completed?

  • Marital status

    Are you . . . ? Married, Divorced, Widowed, Separated, Never married, or A member of an unmarried couple

  • Sexual orientation

    Which of the following best represents how you think of yourself: straight, lesbian or gay, bisexual, something else?

  • Sexual orientation by sex

    Based on a series of questions. Are you . . . ? Male, Female, Refused. Which of the following best represents how you think of yourself: straight, lesbian or gay, bisexual, something else?

  • Sexual or gender minority (2014+)

    Based on a series of questions. Are you . . . ? Male, Female, Refused. Which of the following best represents how you think of yourself: straight, lesbian or gay, bisexual, something else? Do you consider yourself to be transgender? (Yes, transgender male to female; yes, transgender female to male, or yes, transgender, gender nonconforming.) This data is available from 2014 to the most recent year.

  • Transgender (2014+)

    Do you consider yourself to be transgender? (Yes, transgender male to female; yes, transgender female to male, or yes, transgender, gender nonconforming.) This data is available from 2014 to the most recent year.

  • Employment status

    Are you currently . . . ? Employed for wages, Self-employed, Out of work for more than 1 year, Out of work for less that 1 year, Homemaker, Student, Retired, Unable to work, Refused

  • Household income

    Annual household income from all sources.

  • Poverty level (2014+)

    Based on a series of questions. How many children less than 18 years of age live in your household? Number of adults in household? Annual household income from all sources? These numbers are compared to the annual US Department of Health and Human Services Poverty Guidelines to determine the Federal Poverty Level. This data is available from 2014 to the most recent year.

  • Any health care coverage

    Do you have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOs, or government plans such as Medicare, or Indian Health Service?

  • Food security - received free food

    In the past 12 months, did you get free food from a food pantry, church, soup kitchen or shelter?

  • Food security - food stamps or SNAP benefits

    In the past 12 months, did you or any member of your household receive benefits from the Food Stamp Program or SNAP (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program)? Do not include WIC, the School Lunch Program, or assistance from food banks.

    • Alcohol - current drinking

      Calculated total number of alcoholic beverages consumed per month. A current drinker is an individual who consumed at least one alcohol beverage in the past month.

    • Alcohol - binge drinking

      Considering all types of alcoholic beverages, how many times during the past 30 days did you have 5 or more drinks for men or 4 or more drinks for women on an occasion?

    • Alcohol - heavy drinking

      One drink is equivalent to a 12 ounce beer, a 5 ounce glass of wine, or a drink with one shot of liquor. On the days when you drank, during the past 30 days, about how many drinks did you drink on the average? A heavy drinker is a man who drinks more than 2 drinks per day or a woman who drinks more than 1 drink per day.

    • Alcohol - heavy or binge drinking

      One drink is equivalent to a 12 ounce beer, a 5 ounce glass of wine, or a drink with one shot of liquor. On the days when you drank, during the past 30 days, about how many drinks did you drink on the average? A heavy drinker is a man who drinks more than 2 drinks per day or a woman who drinks more than 1 drink per day. A binge drinker is a man who drinks 5 or more drinks on one occasion or a woman who drinks 4 or more drinks on one occasion.

    • Alcohol - max number of drinks (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Calculated total number of alcoholic beverages consumed per month. A current drinker is an individual who consumed at least one alcohol beverage in the past month. During the past 30 days, what is the largest number of drinks you had on any occasion?

    • Alcohol - drinking and driving

      During the past 30 days, how many times have you driven when you've had perhaps too much to drink? Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Alcohol - drink drive past 30 days (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Calculated total number of alcoholic beverages consumed per month. A current drinker is an individual who consumed at least one alcohol beverage in the past month. During the past 30 days, how many times have you driven when you've had perhaps too much to drink? Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Family planning - any, last intercourse

      The last time you had sex with a man, did you or your partner do anything to keep you from getting pregnant? Query includes only women <50 who were sexually active with men. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Family planning - method used (cat)

      The last time you had sex with a man, what did you or your partner do to keep you from getting pregnant? Query includes only women <50 who were sexually active with men. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Family planning - reason none used (cat)

      What was your main reason for not using a method to prevent pregnancy the last time you had sex with a man? Query includes only women <50 who were sexually active with men. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Fell - in the past 12 months (45+)

      In the past 12 months, how many times have you fallen? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Fell - injured, past 12 months (45+)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past 12 months, how many times have you fallen? One or more times. How many of these falls caused an injury? By an injury, we mean the fall caused you to limit your regular activities for at least a day or to go see a doctor. Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Fell - treatment received, past 12 months (45+, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past 12 months, how many times have you fallen? One or more times. How many of these falls caused an injury? By an injury, we mean the fall caused you to limit your regular activities for at least a day or to go see a doctor. Yes. Where did you receive treatment for the most serious injury you suffered as a result of a fall? Query includes only persons age 45+

    • Fell - in the past 6 months

      In the past 6 months, how many times have you fallen?

    • Fell - injured, past 6 months

      Based on a series of questions. In the past six (6) months, how many times have you fallen? One or more times. How many of these falls caused an injury? By an injury, we mean the fall caused you to limit your regular activities for at least a day or to go see a doctor.

    • Fell - place treatment received, past 6 months (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past six (6) months, how many times have you fallen? One or more times. How many of these falls caused an injury? By an injury, we mean the fall caused you to limit your regular activities for at least a day or to go see a doctor. Yes. Where did you receive treatment for the most serious injury you suffered as a result of a fall?

    • Seat belt - always wear seat belt

      How often do you use seat belts when you drive or ride in a car? Would you say: Always, nearly always, sometimes, seldom, or never?

    • Seat belt - always wear seat belt (back seat)

      How often do you wear a seat belt when riding in the back seat of a car driven by someone else?

    • Seat belt - know Hawaii seat belt law

      Which individuals are required under Hawaii's law to wear a seat belt when riding in a car? Response: Driver, and all passengers regardless of age or where they are seated.

    • Seat belt - seen or heard seat belt back seat msg

      Have you seen, heard or read any messages about wearing a seat belt when riding in the back seat of a vehicle?

    • Injury - ocean-based recreation

      How many days did you engage in recreational activities in the ocean in Hawaii in the past 30 days?

    • Injury - can swim

      Can you swim at least 25 yards (or 75 feet)? That is about the usual length of a public swimming pool.

    • Daily frequency of total fruit consumption (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Not including juices how often did you eat fruit in the past month? Not including fruit-flavored drinks or fruit juices with added sugar, how often did you drink 100% fruit juice such as apple or orange juice. Responses can be in times per day, per week or per month. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Daily frequency of total vegetable consumption (2017+, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past 30 days, how often did you eat green leafy or lettuce salad, with or without other vegetables? In the past 30 days, how often did you eat any kind of fried potatoes, including french fries, home fries or hash browns? In the past 30 days, how often did you eat any other kind of potatoes or sweet potatoes, such as baked, boiled, mashed potatoes or potato salad? Not including lettuce salads and potatoes, in the past 30 days, how often did you eat OTHER vegetables? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Daily frequency of total fruit and vegetable consumption (2017+, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past 30 days, not including juices, how often did you eat fruit? You can tell me times per day, times per week or times per month. In the past 30 days, not including fruit-flavored drinks or fruit juices with added sugar, how often did you drink 100% fruit juice such as apple or orange juice? In the past 30 days, how often did you eat green leafy or lettuce salad, with or without other vegetables? In the past 30 days, how often did you eat any kind of fried potatoes, including french fries, home fries or hash browns? In the past 30 days, how often did you eat any other kind of potatoes or sweet potatoes, such as baked, boiled, mashed potatoes or potato salad? Not including lettuce salads and potatoes, in the past 30 days, how often did you eat OTHER vegetables? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Daily frequency of total vegetable consumption (2011-2015, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. How many times did you eat beans or lentils? How many times did you eat dark green vegetables? How many times did you eat orange-colored vegetables? Not counting what you just told me about, during the past month, about how many times per day, week, or month did you eat OTHER vegetables? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only. Questions changed in 2017.

    • Daily frequency of total fruit and vegetable consumption (2011-2015, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. How often do you drink fruit juice, eat fruit, dark green vegetables, orange-colored vegetables, or other vegetables? This measure is based on a group of questions about an individual's eating habits. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only. Questions changed in 2017.

    • Soda - consumption per day (cat)

      About how often do you drink regular soda or pop that contains sugar? Do not include diet soda or diet pop.

    • Soda - consumption per week (cat)

      About how often do you drink regular soda or pop that contains sugar? Do not include diet soda or diet pop.

    • SSB - consumption per day (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 30 days, how often did you drink sugar-sweetened fruit drinks (such as Hawaiian Sun, Aloha Maid, Kool-aid and lemonade), sweet tea, and sports or energy drinks (such as Gatorade and Red Bull)? Do not include 100% fruit juice, diet drinks, or artificially sweetened drinks. During the past 30 days, how often did you drink regular soda or pop that contains sugar? Do not include diet soda or diet pop. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • SSB - consumption per week (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 30 days, how often did you drink sugar-sweetened fruit drinks (such as Hawaiian Sun, Aloha Maid, Kool-aid and lemonade), sweet tea, and sports or energy drinks (such as Gatorade and Red Bull)? Do not include 100% fruit juice, diet drinks, or artificially sweetened drinks. During the past 30 days, how often did you drink regular soda or pop that contains sugar? Do not include diet soda or diet pop. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Sweetened drinks - consumption per day (cat)

      During the past 30 days, how often did you drink sugar-sweetened fruit drinks (such as Hawaiian Sun, Aloha Maid, Kool-aid and lemonade), sweet tea, and sports or energy drinks (such as Gatorade and Red Bull)? Do not include 100% fruit juice, diet drinks, or artificially sweetened drinks. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Sweetened drinks - consumption per week (cat)

      During the past 30 days, how often did you drink sugar-sweetened fruit drinks (such as Hawaiian Sun, Aloha Maid, Kool-aid and lemonade), sweet tea, and sports or energy drinks (such as Gatorade and Red Bull)? Do not include 100% fruit juice, diet drinks, or artificially sweetened drinks. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Read calories in restaurants (cat)

      When calorie information is available in the restaurant, how often does this information help you decide what to order?

    • Read calories in restaurants, ever

      When calorie information is available in the restaurant, how often does this information help you decide what to order?

    • Physical activity - leisure time

      During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercise such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?

    • Physical activity - met aerobic and strengthening recommendations

      Based on a series of survey questions to estimate the proportion of adults who engaged in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes/week, or 75 minutes/week of vigorous intensity, or an equivalent combination, and performed muscle-strengthening activities on at least 2 days per week. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Physical activity - met muscle strengthening recommendations

      How many times did you do physical activities or exercises to strengthen your muscles? Adults who performed muscle-strengthening activities on at least 2 days per week. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Physical activity - 150+ aerobic minutes per week

      Based on a series of survey questions to estimate the proportion of adults who engaged in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes/week (or vigorous equivalent). Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Physical activity - 300+ aerobic minutes per week

      Based on a series of survey questions to estimate the proportion of adults who engaged in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 300 minutes/week (or vigorous equivalent). Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Physical activity - in neighborhood, past 30 days (cat)

      During the past 30 days, how many days per week or per month did you walk or ride a bicycle around your neighborhood for at least 10 minutes at a time?

    • Physical activity - neighborhood supports

      Does your neighborhood have sidewalks, bike lanes, paths, or trails for walking or bicycling?

    • Prescription meds - pain meds, past year

      In the past year, what prescription pain medications were prescribed to you by a doctor? This includes drugs like Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Oxycodone and Tylenol with codeine.

    • Prescription meds - current number of meds per week (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past year, what prescription pain medications were prescribed to you by a doctor? This includes drugs like Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Oxycodone and Tylenol with codeine. 1 or more medications. How many prescription medications are you now taking regularly? By regularly taking we mean at least once per week.

    • Prescription meds - length of time taking pain meds (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past year, what prescription pain medications were prescribed to you by a doctor? This includes drugs like Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Oxycodone and Tylenol with codeine. 1 or more medications. How long have you been taking prescription pain medication? (Alternatively: How long did you take prescription pain medication?) (Among those taking prescription medications)

    • Prescription meds - ever used more pain meds than prescribed

      Based on a series of questions. In the past year, what prescription pain medications were prescribed to you by a doctor? This includes drugs like Hydrocodone, Vicodin, Oxycodone and Tylenol with codeine. 1 or more medications. Have you ever used any of the pain medications more frequently or in higher doses than prescribed by your doctor?

    • Sleep - 7+ hours, avg

      On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?

    • Sleep - average number of hours (cat)

      On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?

    • Cessation - stopped for day or more

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? Current smokers. During the past 12 months, have you stopped smoking for one day or longer because you were trying to quit smoking?

    • Cessation - how long since last smoked (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Yes. How long has it been since you last smoked a cigarette, even one or two puffs?

    • Cessation - stopped 6m to 1yr ago

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Yes. Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? Ever smokers. How long has it been since you last smoked a cigarette, even one or two puffs? 6 months to 1 year ago

    • Cessation - asked by HCP about cigarette and tobacco use

      During the past 12 months, did any doctor, dentist, nurse or other health professional ask if you smoke cigarettes or use any other tobacco product? Responses are based on those who saw a health professional. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Cessation - advised by HCP to quit cigarette and tobacco use

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 12 months, did a doctor, dentist, nurse, or other health professional advise you to quit smoking cigarettes or using any other tobacco product? Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your life? Do you now smoke cigarettes, every day, some days or not at all? Do you currently use chewing tobacco, snuff, or snus every day, some days, or not at all? Responses are based on adults who used any form of tobacco and who saw a health professional. Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Cessation - used one-on-one counseling, past 12 months

      When you were trying to quit smoking did you use any of the following methods? One-on-one counseling from a health professional. Asked of smokers who tried to quit in the past year and former smokers who quit within the past 12 months.

    • Cessation - used a program or support group, past 12 months

      When you were trying to quit smoking did you use any of the following methods? Smoking cessation class, program or support group. Asked of smokers who tried to quit in the past year and former smokers who quit within the past 12 months.

    • Cessation - used a quitline, past 12 months

      When you were trying to quit smoking did you use any of the following methods? Telephone quitline. Asked of smokers who tried to quit in the past year and former smokers who quit within the past 12 months.

    • Cessation - used patch, gum, or meds, past 12 months

      When you were trying to quit smoking did you use any of the following methods? A nicotine replacement therapy (such as gum, patch, lozenge, etc.) or a medication such as Chantix or Zyban. Asked of smokers who tried to quit in the past year and former smokers who quit within the past 12 months.

    • Cessation - without help, past 12 months

      When you were trying to quit smoking did you use any of the following methods? None or cold turkey. Asked of smokers who tried to quit in the past year and former smokers who quit within the past 12 months.

    • Quitline - awareness

      Do you know about the Hawaii Tobacco Quitline?

    • SHS - in car with someone smoking, past 7 days (ns)

      In the past 7 days, have you been in a car with someone who smoked cigarettes? Responses are based on adults who do not smoke cigarettes. Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • SHS - someone smoked in home, past 7 days (ns)

      In the past 7 days, has someone smoked cigarettes in your home while you were there? Responses are based on adults who do not smoke cigarettes. Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • SHS - exposed in home or car, past 7 days (ns)

      Based on a series of questions. In the past 7 days, have you been in a car with someone who smoked cigarettes? In the past 7 days, has someone smoked cigarettes in your home while you were there? Responses are based on adults who do not smoke cigarettes. Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • SHS - rules inside car (cat)

      Which statement best describes the rules about smoking inside your family car or cars? Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • SHS - rules inside home (cat)

      Which statement best describes the rules about smoking inside your home? Do not include decks, lanais, garages, or porches. Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Cigarettes - current smoker

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days.

    • Cigarettes - 3 level smoking status (cat)

      Three-level smoker status - Current smoker, Former smoker, Non-smoker. Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?

    • Cigarettes - 4 level smoking status (cat)

      Four-level smoker status - Everyday smoker, Someday smoker, Former smoker, Non-smoker. Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?

    • Cigarettes - ever smoked 100+ cigarettes in life

      Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life?

    • Smokeless tobacco - 3 levels (cat)

      Do you currently use chewing tobacco, snuff, or snus every day, some days, or not at all?

    • Smokeless tobacco - current use

      Do you currently use chewing tobacco, snuff, or snus every day, some days, or not at all?

    • Ecigarettes - ever use

      Have you ever used an e-cigarette, electronic cigarettes, or vapor cigarettes?

    • Ecigarettes - current use

      Do you now use e-cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?

    • Cigarettes - among adults with depression

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Has a doctor or other healthcare provider ever told you that you have a depressive disorder (including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression)?

    • Cigarettes - among adults with poor mental health

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good? Adults whose mental health was not good on 14 or more days of the past 30 days.

    • Cigarettes - among heavy drinkers

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. One drink is equivalent to a 12 ounce beer, a 4 ounce glass of wine, or a drink with one shot of liquor. On the days when you drank, during the past 30 days, about how many drinks did you drink on the average? A heavy drinker is a man who drinks more than 2 drinks per day or a woman who drinks more than 1 drink per day.

    • Cigarettes - among binge drinkers

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. One drink is equivalent to a 12 ounce beer, a 4 ounce glass of wine, or a drink with one shot of liquor. On the days when you drank, during the past 30 days, about how many drinks did you drink on the average? A binge drinker is a man who has five or more drinks on one occasion or a woman who has four or more drinks on one occasion.

    • Cigarettes - among heavy or binge drinkers

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. One drink is equivalent to a 12 ounce beer, a 4 ounce glass of wine, or a drink with one shot of liquor. On the days when you drank, during the past 30 days, about how many drinks did you drink on the average? A heavy drinker is a man who drinks more than 2 drinks per day or a woman who drinks more than 1 drink per day. A binge drinker is a man who has five or more drinks on one occasion or a woman who has four or more drinks on one occasion.

    • Cigarettes - among Native Hawaiians

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Which one or more of the following would you say is your ethnicity?

    • Cigarettes - among LGBT

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Do you consider yourself to be: Straight, Lesbian or gay, Bisexual? Do you consider yourself to be transgender?

    • Cigarettes - among adults with LT HS education

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. What is the highest grade or year of school you completed?

    • Cigarettes - among adults with low income

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Annual household income from all sources.

    • Cigarettes - among the unemployed

      Based on a series of questions. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? A current smoker is defined as an individual who has smoked at least 100 cigarettes in his/her life and who now smokes every day or some days. Are you currently . . . ? Employed for wages, Self-employed, Out of work for more than 1 year, Out of work for less that 1 year, Homemaker, Student, Retired, Unable to work, Refused

    • Caregiving - helped someone, past 30 days

      During the past 30 days, did you provide regular care or assistance to a friend or family member who has a health problem or disability? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - managed household tasks, past 30 days

      In the past 30 days, did you provide care for this person by managing household tasks such as cleaning, managing money, or preparing meals? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - managed personal care, past 30 days

      In the past 30 days, did you provide care for this person by managing personal care such as giving medications, feeding, dressing, or bathing? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - main health problem (cat)

      What is the main health problem, long-term illness, or disability that the person you care for has? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - average hours per week providing assistance (cat)

      In an average week, how many hours do you provide care or assistance? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - length of time providing care (cat)

      For how long have you provided care for that person? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - relationship to person receiving care (cat)

      What is his/her relationship to you? For example is he/she your (mother/daughter or father/son)? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - most needed support service not receiving (cat)

      Of the following support services, which one do you MOST need, that you are not currently getting? (Among those who provided care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Caregiving - expect to provide care, next two years

      In the next 2 years, do you expect to provide care or assistance to a friend or family member who has a health problem or disability? (Among those who did not provide care in the past 30 days) Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Health insurance - have coverage

      Do you have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOs, or government plans such as Medicare?

    • Health insurance - have coverage (18-64)

      Do you have any kind of health care coverage, including health insurance, prepaid plans such as HMOs, or government plans such as Medicare, or Indian Health Service? Query includes only those persons age 18-64.

    • Health insurance - type (2017+, cat)

      What is the primary source of your health care coverage?

    • Health insurance - type (cat)

      What is the primary source of your health care coverage?

    • Health insurance - have Medicaid (2017+)

      What is the primary source of your health care coverage?

    • Health insurance - have Medicaid or other state-provided health coverage

      What is the primary source of your health care coverage?

    • Health care access - have personal doctor

      Do you have one or more persons you think of as your personal doctor or health care provider?

    • Health care access - have personal doctor (cat)

      Do you have one or more persons you think of as your personal doctor or health care provider?

    • Health care access - no doctor visit due to cost, past 12 months

      Was there a time in the past 12 months when you needed to see a doctor but could not because of the cost?

    • HCP referred to community based services

      Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever given you information about available community-based services to support your health or basic needs such as support groups, classes, counselors, community recreation programs or faith-based activities?

    • HCP arranged home health services

      Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever arranged services to help manage your health condition AT HOME or to help you with basic needs like housing, health insurance, food, or transportation? (Among those who needed services)

    • Cholesterol - time since last check (cat)

      Blood cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood. About how long has it been since you last had your blood cholesterol checked? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Cholesterol - check in the last 5 yrs

      Blood cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood. About how long has it been since you last had your blood cholesterol checked? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Colorectal screening (50-75)

      Based on a series of questions. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted in the rectum to view the bowel for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams? How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy? How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit? Query includes only persons age 50-75.

    • Blood stool test - within past year (50-75)

      Based on a series of questions. A blood stool test is a test that may use a special kit at home to determine whether the stool contains blood. Have you ever had this test using a home kit? How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit? Query includes only persons age 50-75.

    • Sigmoid/colonoscopy - last exam (50-75, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted in the rectum to view the bowel for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams? How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy? Query includes only persons age 50-75.

    • CT or CAT scan - within the past yr (current/former smokers 55-80)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your lifetime? During a CT or CAT scan, you lie flat on your back on a table. While you hold your breath, the table moves through a donut shaped x-ray machine while the scan is done. In the last 12 months, did you have a CT or CAT scan? Query includes only current and former cigarette smokers age 55-80.

    • Sunburn - at least one in past 12 months

      In the past 12 months, how many times did you have a red or painful sunburn that lasted a day or more?

    • Cancer - family history

      Do you have any blood relatives such as parents, siblings, children, and grandparents who have been diagnosed with breast, ovarian, or colorectal cancer?

    • Cancer - genetic counseling advised

      Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER advised you to see a genetic counselor to assess your personal risk of cancer, or to discuss genetic testing for cancer risk assessment?

    • Cancer - genetic counseling among at risk

      Based on a series of questions. Do you have any blood relatives such as parents, siblings, children, and grandparents who have been diagnosed with breast, ovarian, or colorectal cancer? Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER advised you to see a genetic counselor to assess your personal risk of cancer, or to discuss genetic testing for cancer risk assessment?

    • Mammogram - last mammo (50-74, cat)

      A mammogram is an x-ray of each breast to look for breast cancer. Have you ever had a mammogram? How long has it been since you had your last mammogram? Query includes only women age 50-74.

    • Mammogram - within the past 2 yrs (50-74)

      A mammogram is an x-ray of each breast to look for breast cancer. Have you ever had a mammogram? How long has it been since you had your last mammogram? Query includes only women age 50-74.

    • Breast exam within the past 2 years

      How long has it been since your last breast exam?

    • Cervical cancer screening (21-65)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you had a hysterectomy? A Pap test is a test for cancer of the cervix. Have you ever had a Pap test? How long has it been since you had your last Pap test? An HPV test is sometimes given with the Pap test for cervical cancer screening. Have you ever had an HPV test? How long has it been since you had your last HPV test? Query includes only women age 21-65 who have not had a hysterectomy.

    • Pap test - ever had (21-65)

      A Pap test is a test for cancer of the cervix. Have you ever had a Pap test? Query includes only women age 21-65.

    • Pap test - within the past 3 yrs (21-65)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you had a hysterectomy? A Pap test is a test for cancer of the cervix. Have you ever had a Pap test? How long has it been since you had your last Pap test? Query includes only women age 21-65.

    • HPV test last 5 years (women 30-65)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you had a hysterectomy? An HPV test is sometimes given with the Pap test for cervical cancer screening. Have you ever had an HPV test? How long has it been since you had your last HPV test? Query includes only women age 30-65.

    • Prostate cancer risk - discussed with HCP (50-70)

      Has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER talked with you about prostate cancer risk? Query includes only men age 50-70.

    • PSA test - last test (40+, cat)

      Based on a series of questions. A Prostate-Specific Antigen test, also called a PSA test, is a blood test used to check men for prostate cancer. Have you ever had a PSA test? How long has it been since you had your last PSA test? Query includes only men age 40+.

    • PSA test within past 2 yrs (40+)

      Based on a series of questions. A Prostate-Specific Antigen test, also called a PSA test, is a blood test used to check men for prostate cancer. Have you ever had a PSA test? How long has it been since you had your last PSA test? Query includes only men age 40+.

    • HIV - ever been tested (18-64)

      Have you EVER been tested for HIV? Query includes only persons age 18-64.

    • HIV - test within past 2 years (18-64)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you EVER been tested for HIV? Not including blood donations, in what month and year was your last HIV test? Query includes only persons age 18-64.

    • HIV - high risk situations (18-64, 2017+)

      I am going to read you a list. When I am done, please tell me if any of the situations apply to you. You do not need to tell me which one. You have injected any drug other than those prescribed for you in the past year. You have been treated for a sexually transmitted disease or STD in the past year. You have given or received money or drugs in exchange for sex in the past year. You had anal sex without a condom in the past year. You had four or more sex partners in the past year. Do any of these situations apply to you? Query includes only persons age 18-64.

    • HIV - high risk situations (18-64)

      Participated in one or more of the following high risk activities for HIV transmission in the past year: intravenous drugs use, sexually transmitted disease treatment, receiving money or drugs for sex, or having anal sex without condom. Query includes only persons age 18-64.

    • Preventive services - last checkup (cat)

      A routine checkup is a general physical exam, not an exam for a specific injury, illness, or condition. About how long has it been since you last visited a doctor for a routine checkup?

    • Preventive services - checkup within the past year

      A routine checkup is a general physical exam, not an exam for a specific injury, illness, or condition. About how long has it been since you last visited a doctor for a routine checkup?

    • Core preventive services - men (65+)

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or a flu vaccine that was sprayed in your nose? Have you ever had a pneumonia shot? Sigmoidoscopy colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted in the rectum to view the colon for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams? How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy? How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit? Query includes only men age 65+.

    • Core preventive services - women (65+)

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or a flu vaccine that was sprayed in your nose? Have you ever had a pneumonia shot? Sigmoidoscopy and colonoscopy are exams in which a tube is inserted in the rectum to view the colon for signs of cancer or other health problems. Have you ever had either of these exams? How long has it been since you had your last sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy? How long has it been since you had your last blood stool test using a home kit? Have you ever had a mammogram? How long has it been since you had your last mammogram? Query includes only women age 65+.

    • Flu - had shot or spray in past 12 mos (18-64)

      During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or a flu vaccine that was sprayed in your nose? Query includes only persons age 18-64.

    • Flu - had shot or spray in past 12 mos (65+)

      During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or a flu vaccine that was sprayed in your nose? Query includes only persons age 65+.

    • Flu - place where immunization was received (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or a flu vaccine that was sprayed in your nose? Yes. At what kind of place did you get your last flu shot or vaccine?

    • Pneumonia - ever had shot (65+)

      A pneumonia shot or pneumococcal vaccine is usually given only once or twice in a person's lifetime and is different from the flu shot. Have you ever had a pneumonia shot? Query includes only persons age 65+.

    • HPV - at least one vaccine (18-26)

      A vaccine to prevent the human papillomavirus or HPV infection is available and is called the cervical cancer or genital warts vaccine, HPV shot: Gardasil or Cervarix [WOMEN] or Gardasil [MEN]. Have you ever had an HPV vaccination? Query includes only persons age 18-26.

    • Hep B - received at least one vaccine

      Hepatitis B vaccine is given in three separate doses and has been recommended for all newborn infants since 1991. Have you EVER received the 3-dose series of the hepatitis B vaccine?

    • Hep B - number of vaccines received (cat)

      Hepatitis B vaccine is given in three separate doses and has been recommended for all newborn infants since 1991. Have you EVER received the 3-dose series of the hepatitis B vaccine?

    • Hep B - high risk of exposure

      Do any of these hepatitis risk situations apply to you? You do not need to tell me which ones. You are a health care or public safety worker who has been exposed to hepatitis B-infected blood or bodily fluids. You have ever received hemodialysis. You live in the same house with someone who has been diagnosed with Hepatitis B. You have used intravenous drugs or shared injection equipment in the past year. You have engaged in any of the following sexual activities in the past year: Had sex with other men [MEN ONLY]. Had anal sex without a condom. Had four or more sex partners. Exchanged sex for drugs or money. You or a partner have been diagnosed with or treated for an STD.

    • Hep B - 3+ vaccines among at risk

      Based on a series of questions. Do any of these hepatitis risk situations apply to you? You do not need to tell me which ones. You are a health care or public safety worker who has been exposed to hepatitis B-infected blood or bodily fluids. You have ever received hemodialysis. You live in the same house with someone who has been diagnosed with Hepatitis B. You have used intravenous drugs or shared injection equipment in the past year. You have engaged in any of the following sexual activities in the past year: Had sex with other men [MEN ONLY]. Had anal sex without a condom. Had four or more sex partners. Exchanged sex for drugs or money. You or a partner have been diagnosed with or treated for an STD. Yes. Have you EVER received the 3-dose series of the hepatitis B vaccine?

    • Shingles - ever received vaccine (50+)

      Have you ever had the shingles or zoster vaccine? Asked to persons 50+ years.

    • Oral health - visited dentist in the past year

      How long has it been since you last visited a dentist or a dental clinic for any reason? Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Oral health - last time visited dentist (cat)

      How long has it been since you last visited a dentist or a dental clinic for any reason? Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Oral health - at least one tooth removed

      How many of your permanent teeth have been removed because of tooth decay or gum disease? (Do not include teeth lost for other reasons, such as injury or orthodontics.) Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Oral health - number of teeth removed (cat)

      How many of your permanent teeth have been removed because of tooth decay or gum disease? (Do not include teeth lost for other reasons, such as injury or orthodontics.) Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Oral health - all permanent teeth removed (65+)

      How many of your permanent teeth have been removed because of tooth decay or gum disease? (Do not include teeth lost for other reasons, such as injury or orthodontics.) Query only includes persons age 65+. Question is asked in even-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia?

    • Arthritis - limits activities

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. Are you now limited in any way in any of your usual activities because of arthritis or joint symptoms? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - affects work

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. Do arthritis or joint symptoms now affect your work for pay? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - affects social activities

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. During the past 30 days, to what extent has your arthritis or joint symptoms interfered with your normal social activities, such as going shopping, to the movies, or to religious or social gatherings? A lot or a little. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - severe pain, past 30 days

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. On a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is no pain or aching and 10 is pain or aching as bad as it can be, how bad was your joint pain on average in the past 30 days regardless of whether you had been taking medication? Average joint pain was a 7 or higher on a 10 point scale in the past 30 days. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - pain level, past 30 days (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. On a scale of 0 to 10 where 0 is no pain or aching and 10 is pain or aching as bad as it can be, how bad was your joint pain on average in the past 30 days regardless of whether you had been taking medication? 0=No pain, 1-3=Mild pain, 4-6=Moderate pain, and 7-10=Severe pain. Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Arthritis - fair or poor health

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. Would you say that in general your health is Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair or Poor?

    • Arthritis - any physical activity

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. During the past month, other than your regular job, did you participate in any physical activities or exercise such as running, calisthenics, golf, gardening, or walking for exercise?

    • Arthritis - with obesity

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Obese is defined as a BMI of 30 or more.)

    • Arthritis - with heart disease

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. Has a doctor, nurse or other health professional ever told you that you had coronary heart disease?

    • Arthritis - with diabetes

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or health professional that you have some form of arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia? Yes. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes?

    • Asthma - current prevalence

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma? Yes. Do you still have asthma? Yes.

    • Asthma - lifetime prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma?

    • Asthma - adult asthma status (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma? Do you still have asthma?

    • Asthma - limits activities

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma? Yes. Do you still have asthma? Yes. Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems?

    • Asthma - had flu vaccination, past 12 months (18-64)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma? Yes. Do you still have asthma? Yes. During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or flu vaccine spray? Query includes only those persons age 18-64.

    • Asthma - had flu vaccination, past 12 months (65+)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have asthma? Yes. Do you still have asthma? Yes. During the past 12 months, have you had either a flu shot or flu vaccine spray? Query includes only those persons age 65+.

    • Cancer - diagnosed with any type of cancer

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had skin cancer? Ever been told you had any other types of cancer?

    • Cancer - diagnosed with cancer, not skin

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had any other types of cancer?

    • Cancer - diagnosed with skin cancer

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had skin cancer?

    • Cancer - number of different types (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had skin cancer? Yes. Ever told you had any other types of cancer? Yes. How many different types of cancer have you had? Questions asked in 2012 only.

    • Cancer - received written summary of all cancer treatments

      Did any doctor, nurse, or other health professional ever give you a written summary of all the cancer treatments that you received? (Among those ever diagnosed with any kind of cancer.)

    • Cancer - follow up care instructions

      Have you ever received instructions from a doctor, nurse, or other health professional about where you should return or who you should see for routine cancer check-ups after completing your treatment for cancer? (Among those ever diagnosed with any kind of cancer.)

    • Cancer - survivorship care plan

      A survivorship care plan is a coordinated plan to help cancer survivors and their healthcare team coordinate their future care. Were you provided a survivorship care plan upon completion of treatment? (Among those ever diagnosed with any kind of cancer.)

    • Advance health care directive

      An Advance Health Care Directive is a document that allows you to appoint someone to make health care decisions on your behalf and/or to leave instructions about the kind of health care you want or don't want. This document is used to guide decisions about your health care in the event that you become very ill and cannot decide for yourself. The document is sometimes called a Living Will or Health Care Power of Attorney. Have you completed an Advance Health Care Directive?

    • Diabetes - prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have diabetes?

    • Diabetes - prediabetes prevalence

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have diabetes and, if female, was this only during pregnancy? Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have prediabetes or borderline diabetes, and, if female, was this only when you were pregnant?

    • Diabetes - prevalence (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have diabetes and, if female, was this only during pregnancy? Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have prediabetes or borderline diabetes, and, if female, was this only when you were pregnant?

    • Diabetes - perceived risk

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have diabetes or prediabetes? No. Do you think you could be at risk for diabetes?

    • Diabetes - family history of diabetes

      Do you have immediate or extended blood relatives, such as your parents, siblings, children, or grandparents, who have diabetes?

    • Diabetes - blood sugar or diabetes test, past 3 years (40-70, BMI 25+)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have diabetes or prediabetes? No. Have you had a test for high blood sugar in the past three years? Yes. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Underweight is defined at a BMI less than 18.5, Normal is defined as a BMI 18.5 to less than 25; Overweight, but not obese, is defined as a BMI 25 to less than 30; Obese is defined as a BMI of 30 or more.) Query includes only those persons age 40-70.

    • Diabetes - diagnosed past 12 mo (18-84)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have diabetes or prediabetes? Yes. How old were you when you were told you have diabetes? Adults aged 18 to 84 years who report being diagnosed with diabetes in the past 12 months.

    • Diabetes - age when told (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have diabetes or prediabetes? Yes. How old were you when you were told you have diabetes?

    • Diabetes - with high blood pressure

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Has a doctor, nurse, or other healthcare professional EVER told you that you have high blood pressure? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Diabetes - with high blood cholesterol

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Has a doctor, nurse, or other healthcare professional EVER told you that you have high blood cholesterol? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Diabetes - with depressive disorder

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Has a doctor or other healthcare provider ever told you that you have a depressive disorder (including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression)?

    • Diabetes - self-management plan ever

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have diabetes? Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have prediabetes or borderline diabetes? Has a doctor or other health professional EVER worked with you to create a self-management plan to help control your diabetes/prediabetes?

    • Diabetes - self-management plan (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have diabetes? Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have prediabetes or borderline diabetes? Has a doctor or other health professional EVER worked with you to create a self-management plan to help control your diabetes/prediabetes?

    • Diabetes - now taking insulin

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Are you now taking insulin?

    • Diabetes - doctor visit frequency (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. About how many times in the past 12 months have you seen a doctor, nurse, or other health professional for your diabetes?

    • Diabetes - HbA1C check frequency (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. About how many times in the past 12 months has a doctor, nurse, or other health professional checked you for hemoglobin "A one C"?

    • Diabetes - blood sugar self check frequency (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. About how often do you check your blood for glucose or sugar? Include times when checked by a family member or friend, but do not include times when checked by a health professional.

    • Diabetes - self-management class, ever

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Have you ever taken a course or class in how to manage your diabetes yourself?

    • Diabetes - last dilated eye exam (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. When was the last time you had an eye exam in which the pupils were dilated?

    • Diabetes - eye problem, ever

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. Has a doctor ever told you that diabetes has affected your eyes or that you had retinopathy?

    • Diabetes - HCP foot check freq (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. About how many times in the past 12 months has a health professional checked your feet for any sores or irritations?

    • Diabetes - feet self check freq (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have diabetes? Yes. About how often do you check your feet for any sores or irritations?

    • Coronary heart disease prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had angina or coronary heart disease?

    • Heart attack prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had a heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction?

    • Stroke prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had a stroke?

    • HBP - high blood pressure prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure?

    • HBP - taking medicine for high blood pressure

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure? Yes. Are you currently taking medicine for your high blood pressure? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • HBP - advised to take BP at home

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure? Yes. Has your doctor, nurse, or other health professional EVER ADVISED you to take your blood pressure at home?

    • HBP - self-management plan

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure? Yes. Has a doctor or other health professional EVER worked with you to create a self-management plan to help lower or control your blood pressure?

    • HBP - self-management plan (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure? Yes. Has a doctor or other health professional EVER worked with you to create a self-management plan to help lower or control your blood pressure?

    • Cholesterol - adults with high cholesterol

      Based on a series of questions. Blood cholesterol is a fatty substance found in the blood. Have you ever had your blood cholesterol checked? Yes. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that your blood cholesterol is high? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Cholesterol - taking medicine for high blood cholesterol

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever had your blood cholesterol checked? Yes. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that your blood cholesterol is high? Yes. Are you currently taking medicine prescribed by your doctor or other health professional for your blood cholesterol? Question is asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Kidney disease - prevalence

      Have you ever been told you had kidney disease? Do NOT include kidney stones, bladder infection or incontinence.

    • COPD - prevalence

      Have you ever been told by a doctor or another health professional that you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis?

    • COPD - prevalence (45+)

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis? Query includes only those persons age 45+.

    • COPD - current smokers (45+)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis? Yes. Have you smoked at least 100 cigarettes in your entire life? Do you now smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all? Query includes only those persons age 45+.

    • COPD - limits activities (45+)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD, emphysema or chronic bronchitis? Yes. Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Chronic conditions - 1 or more

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told or have you ever had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart attack, coronary heart disease, a stroke, asthma, cancer, COPD, arthritis, depression, kidney disease, or diabetes? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Chronic conditions - 2 or more

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told or have you ever had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart attack, coronary heart disease, a stroke, asthma, cancer, COPD, arthritis, depression, kidney disease, or diabetes? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Chronic conditions - 3 or more

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told or have you ever had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart attack, coronary heart disease, a stroke, asthma, cancer, COPD, arthritis, depression, kidney disease, or diabetes? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Chronic conditions - 4 or more

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told or have you ever had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart attack, coronary heart disease, a stroke, asthma, cancer, COPD, arthritis, depression, kidney disease, or diabetes? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Chronic conditions - count (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Have you ever been told or have you ever had high blood pressure, high cholesterol, a heart attack, coronary heart disease, a stroke, asthma, cancer, COPD, arthritis, depression, kidney disease, or diabetes? Questions are asked in odd-numbered years only.

    • Increased confusion or memory loss (45+)

      During the past 12 months, have you experienced confusion or memory loss that is happening more often or is getting worse? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Increased confusion or memory loss - interfered with daily activities (45+)

      During the past 12 months, as a result of confusion or memory loss, how often have you given up day-to-day household activities or chores you used to do, such as cooking, cleaning, taking medications, driving, or paying bills? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Increased confusion or memory loss - interfered with social activities (45+)

      During the past 12 months, how often has confusion or memory loss interfered with your ability to work, volunteer, or engage in social activities outside the home? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Increased confusion or memory loss - need assistance daily activities (45+)

      As a result of confusion or memory loss, how often do you need assistance with these day-to-day activities? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Increased confusion or memory loss - discussed with health care prof (45+)

      Have you or anyone else discussed your confusion or memory loss with a health care professional? Query includes only persons age 45+.

    • Depressive disorder

      Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse or other health professional that you have a depressive disorder, including depression, major depression, dysthymia, or minor depression?

    • Health - mental bad past 30 days (cat)

      Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?

    • Health - mental bad 6+ of past 30 days

      Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?

    • Health - mental bad 14+ of past 30 days

      Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?

    • BMI - status (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Underweight is defined at a BMI less than 18.5; Normal is defined as a BMI 18.5 to less than 25; Overweight, but not obese, is defined as a BMI 25 to less than 30; Obese is defined as a BMI of 30 or more.)

    • BMI

      Based on a series of questions. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Underweight is defined at a BMI less than 18.5; Normal is defined as a BMI 18.5 to less than 25; Overweight, but not obese, is defined as a BMI 25 to less than 30; Obese is defined as a BMI of 30 or more.)

    • BMI - status expanded (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Underweight is defined at a BMI less than 18.5; Normal is defined as a BMI 18.5 to less than 25; Overweight, but not obese, is defined as a BMI 25 to less than 30; Obese1 is defined as a BMI 30 to less than 35; Obese2 is defined as a BMI 35 to less than 40; Obese3 is defined as a BMI of 40 or more.)

    • BMI - overweight or obese

      Based on a series of questions. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? (Overweight is defined as a BMI 25 to less than 30; Obese is defined as a BMI of 30 or more.)

    • Obese/overweight - doctor advised about weight, past 12 months

      Based on a series of questions. How much do you weigh without shoes? How tall are you without shoes? BMI of 25 or higher. In the past 12 months, has a doctor, nurse or other health professional given you advice about your weight?

    • Adults with at least one disability (2016+)

      Based on a series of questions. Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses? Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions? Do have difficulty dressing or bathing? Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs? Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

    • Adults with a visual disability

      Are you blind or do you have serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses?

    • Adults with an auditory disability

      Are you deaf or do you have serious difficulty hearing?

    • Adults with an ambulatory disability

      Do you have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

    • Adults with an independent living disability

      Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

    • Adults with a cognitive disability

      Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, do you have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

    • Adults with a self-care disability

      Do you have difficulty dressing or bathing?

    • Adults who require special equipment

      Do you now have any health problem that requires you to use special equipment, such as a cane, a wheelchair, a special bed, or a special telephone?

    • Health - general health status (cat)

      Would you say that in general your health is Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair or Poor?

    • Health - general health status (choose any one category)

      Would you say that in general your health is Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair or Poor?

    • Health - two level status (cat)

      Would you say that in general your health is Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair or Poor?

    • Health - activity limitations

      Are you limited in any way in any activities because of physical, mental, or emotional problems?

    • Health - poor hlth prevented activities, 30 days (cat)

      During the past 30 days, for about how many days did poor physical or mental health keep you from doing your usual activities, such as self-care, work, or recreation?

    • Health - number of days physical bad, 30 days (cat)

      Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good?

    • Health - physical bad 6+ of past 30 days

      Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good?

    • Health - physical bad 14+ of past 30 days

      Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good?

    • Phys/mntl hlth bad past 30 days (cat)

      Based on a series of questions. Now thinking about your physical health, which includes physical illness and injury, for how many days during the past 30 days was your physical health not good? Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?